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Who Is the Chief Legal Advisor to the Government

by admin on 12. Dezember 2022 No comments

Regarding the etymology of the term Attorney General, Steven Pinker writes that the first quote from the Oxford English Dictionary dates back to 1292: „All attorneyz general purrount lift fine and cirrographer“. [2] The term was borrowed from French Anglo-Norman when England was ruled by the Normans after the conquest of England in the 11th century. Like a variety of French spoken in courts, schools, universities and sections of the nobility and bourgeoisie, the concept of government was introduced into English. The term attorney general is composed of a noun followed by the post-positive adjective general, and like other French compounds, its plural form also appears as „attorneys general“. [3] [4] Compared to Generalmajoren, a term that also comes from French („major-général“) and also has a post-positive adjective, it also erroneously appears as „attorneys general“. While Steven Pinker writes: „So if you are ever challenged to say attorneys general, mothers-in-law, passers-by. You can answer, „You are the model of the modern Major General.“ [2] The modern title of major general is a military rank in which the word „general“ is not used as an adjective, but as a noun that can be pluralized. General and Administrative Law (G&AL): By leveraging the multidisciplinary legal talents of a team specializing in contract law, ethics, employment law, tax law, government information and privacy law, and other areas of administrative law, G&AL promotes AIC`s compliance with related legal requirements and defends the agency against various administrative disputes in these areas. Learn more about G&AL Within the U.S. federal government, the Attorney General is a member of Cabinet and, as head of the Department of Justice, the highest law enforcement official and the government attorney. It may be necessary to distinguish the Attorney General from the Attorney General, a senior official in the Department of Justice responsible for representing the government before the Supreme Court. However, in cases of exceptional importance, the Attorney General may decide to personally represent the government before the Supreme Court. Attorneys General and the federal government are responsible, among other things, for selecting appointees and approving prosecutions.

Under normal circumstances, the powers of the Attorney General are exercised by the Head of Public Prosecution Service and staff; However, the Attorney General retains formal control, including the power to initiate and terminate public prosecutions and private charges. The criminal law provided for by law stipulates that the prosecution of certain offences requires the individual consent of the Attorney General. This generally applies to offences whose illegality is somewhat controversial in nature or where there is a significant risk that prosecutions of a political nature will be initiated. The Attorney General also generally has the power to issue certificates that legally conclude that certain facts have been established (p. e.g., that the disclosure of certain material in the course of legal proceedings could pose a risk to national security); The facts set out in these certificates must be accepted by the courts and cannot be legally disputed by any party. The Attorney General also has the power to issue a nolle prosequi in relation to a case, which authoritatively states that the state (on whose behalf a prosecution is brought) does not want to pursue the case, so a person is prevented from doing so. A separate ministerial position, the Minister of Public Safety, formerly the Attorney General, manages the federal government`s law enforcement agencies (police, prisons and security). The General Counsel provides legal and policy advice to the Secretary and other senior departmental officials. The General Counsel is also the head of the Legal Division of the Treasury, a separate office within the Department that includes all Treasury legal advisers and their staff, with the exception of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and the Inspectors General`s Offices. In accordance with the Constitution of Trinidad and Tobago, the supreme law of the land, the Attorney General is responsible for administering legal affairs in Trinidad and Tobago and legal proceedings are instituted for and against the State: (a) in the case of civil proceedings, on behalf of the Attorney-General; (b) in criminal proceedings, on behalf of the State.

Ms. Krass was previously Senior Vice President and General Counsel, General Insurance and Deputy General Counsel at American International Group (AIG), where she led a global legal team supporting AIG`s core cybersecurity and privacy, technology and innovation teams. Previously, she was a partner and chair of the National Security Practice Group at Gibson Dunn. The Attorney General of the Philippines was an office that existed from 1901 until 1932, when the office was abolished and its functions were taken over by the Attorney General. Since then, the Attorney General of the Philippines, previously the second judicial official, has been the most important jurist and legal advocate of the Philippine government. The Office of the Solicitor General is the law firm of the Republic of the Philippines. Its task is to represent the Philippines, the Philippine government and all its officials in any litigation or matter requiring the services of a lawyer, particularly before the courts of appeal. [11] It is an independent and autonomous office attached to the Department of Justice for budgetary purposes. [12] In Malaysia, the Attorney General, or Peguam Negara (as it is known in Bahasa Malaysia), is the government`s chief legal adviser. He is also the chief prosecutor of the country and is also called the prosecutor. It has the power, which may be exercised at its discretion, to initiate, conduct or discontinue proceedings for a criminal offence, with the exception of proceedings before a Shari`a court, a domestic court or a court martial.

The current Attorney General of Malaysia since 2020 is Idris Harun. Ms. Krass has worked in the federal government for more than two decades, including thirteen years in the Department of Justice, primarily as a career lawyer in the Office of the Legal Counsel (OLC) and as a U.S. Assistant Special Prosecutor in the National Security Section of the U.S. Attorney`s Office for the District of Columbia. In 2009, Ms. Krass was appointed Special Assistant and Special Advisor on National Security Affairs to President Obama and Deputy Legal Advisor to the National Security Council (NSC), where she advised officials on a number of legal matters related to national security and foreign policy. In 2011, Ms. Krass returned to the OLC and served as Acting Assistant Attorney General, advising the President, Attorney General and other executive branch officials on complex constitutional and legislative law issues.

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