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Non Legal Person

by admin on 24. November 2022 No comments

Brazilian law recognizes any association or abstract entity as a legal entity, but a registry is required by a constitutional document, with specifications that depend on the category of legal entity and the local law of the state and city. The concept of legal entity is at the heart of Western law today, in both common law and civil law countries, but it is also found in virtually all legal systems. [12] Legal entity means a human or non-human entity that is treated as a person for limited legal purposes. In legal proceedings involving animals, animals have the status of „legal persons“ and humans have a legal obligation to act as „loco parentis“ for the welfare of animals, as a parent does to minor children. A court ruled in 2014 in the case „Animal Welfare Board of India vs Nagaraja“ that animals are also entitled to the fundamental right to liberty enshrined in Article 21 of the Indian Constitution.[23] Right to life, personal liberty and the right to die with dignity (passive euthanasia). In another case, a court in the state of Uttarakhand ordered animals to have the same rights as humans. In another cow smuggling case, the High Court of Punjab and Haryana ordered that „the entire animal kingdom, including species of birds and aquatic animals“ should have a „separate legal personality with the corresponding rights, duties and responsibilities of a living person“ and that humans be „loco parentis“, while setting standards for animal welfare, Veterinary treatment, feeding and shelter, for example, animal cars can have no more than four people. and transported animals must not be loaded beyond the established limits, and these limits must be halved if the animals are to carry the load on a slope. [22] Corporations are corporations such as corporations, corporations (in some jurisdictions), and many government agencies. They are legally treated as if they were people.

[4] [6] [7] Laws relating to professional organisations (companies, partnerships, limited liability companies, etc.) Use the term „legal entity“ often so that laws apply to both individuals and non-human business entities. In Act II, scene 1 of Gilbert and Sullivan`s 1889 opera The Gondoliers, Giuseppe Palmieri (who, with his brother Marco, is king of Barataria) asks that he and his brother be recognized separately so that they can each receive individual portions of food, because they have „two independent appetites“. However, it is rejected by the court (composed of other gondoliers) because the common rule“. is a legal person, and legal persons are solemn things. Since the 19th century, the legal person has been interpreted more broadly to make it a citizen, domicile or domicile of a state (usually for the purposes of personal jurisdiction). In Louisville, C. & C.R. Co. v.

Letson, 2 Wie. 497, 558, 11 L.Ed. 353 (1844), United States The Supreme Court held that for the purposes of this case, a corporation „may be treated both as a citizen [of the State which created it] and as a natural person.“ Ten years later, they confirmed Letson`s conclusion, albeit on the slightly different theory that „those who use the company`s name and exercise the powers it confers“ should be conclusively regarded as citizens of the company`s founding state. Marshall v. Baltimore & Ohio R. Co., 16 Wie. 314, 329, 14 L.Ed. 953 (1854). These concepts have been codified by law because U.S. jurisdiction laws relate specifically to corporate domicile. Article 19(3) of the Basic Law provides: „Fundamental rights shall also apply to national legal persons, so far as the nature of those rights so permits.“ [21] The notion of legal person for organizations of persons is at least as old as ancient Rome: a multitude of collegiate institutions enjoyed the advantage of Roman law. In Italy, trade unions have legal personality as defined in Article 39, paragraph 4, of the Constitution: partly on the basis of the principle that legal persons are merely organisations of natural persons, and partly on the basis of the legal interpretation of the word „person“, the United States Supreme Court has repeatedly ruled that certain constitutional rights protect legal persons (such as corporations and others).

organizations).

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